Menstrual Hygiene is a topic only few people are aware about because, half of them don’t know what is menstruation.
Menstruation is a natural process every female comes across when she turns 12 or 13. The first she is taught is not to talk about it to anyone. As is a matter of disgrace. Whereas nobody wants to accept that because girls bleed this world exist. If he wouldn’t have taken that pain there would have been no child. The taboos and beliefs are unwritten rules and social norms a girls is threaten to follow. Some of them are women and girls are told that during their menstrual cycle they should not bathe (or they will become infertile), touch a cow (or it will become infertile), look in a mirror (or it will lose its brightness), or touch a plant (or it will die).
Menstrual Hygiene, the [7631-Human Rights] and the [7627-Millennium Development Goals]
Stigma around menstruation and menstrual hygiene is a violation of several human rights. Most importantly of the right to human dignity, but also the right to non-discrimination, equality, bodily integrity, health, privacy and the right to freedom from inhumane and degrading treatment from abuse and violence (WSSCC 2013).
You might think that girls drop-out school once they reach in fourth or fifth grade. This has a relation with menstrual hygiene. According to research onset of puberty girls participation in school changes. Girls are kept at home when they start bleeding permanently or temporarily. When girls get left behind this can eventually also lead to school drop-out.
Health Risks of Poor Menstrual Hygiene Management
Other than these taboos there are several other problems. Poor protection and inadequate washing facilities may increase susceptibility to infection. During menstruation the rate of infection increases. Poor washing creates a way for bacteria back to body via the same blood which comes out. Other practices like using unclean rags or ash is more like taking the bull by the horns.
As an example, findings from Bangladesh, where 80% of factory workers are women, show that 60% of them were using rags from the factory floor for menstrual cloths. These are highly chemically charged and often freshly dyed. Infections are common, leading to 73% of women missing work for on average six days a month. Women had no safe place either to purchase cloth or pads or to change/dispose of them. When women are paid by piece, those six days away present a huge economic damage to them but also to the business supply chain.
Menstrual Hygiene Management
The choice of sanitary protection is very much a personal decision based on cultural acceptability.
Disposable sanitary pads are used commonly all over the world. But poor girls don’t have that luxury. So they end up using something unsafe or even doing something unsafe as getting involved in sec trade for that amount of money.
Then menstrual cup is a best option for every girls as it is a one-time investment foe years. These cups are made of silicon rubber which is completely safe for human. These are cups are inserted inside the vagina. These cups do not spill and are reusable for 10 years if taken care properly.
Last but not least, good management of menstrual hygiene should obviously include safe and sanitary disposal. This is widely lacking. Where do girls and women dispose of their sanitary products and cloths? Wherever they can do so secretly and easily. In practice, this means the nearest open defecation field, river or garbage dump. Failing to provide disposal facilities for used sanitary materials can result in blocked latrines becoming blocked and quickly filling pits.
Do share this with your loved ones and enlighten !!