Leukemia- The blood cancer.
Leukemia, refers to the cancer of flood or cancer of WBCs or the cancer of bone marrow.
Our blood contain different kinds of blood cels such as red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC) and platelets. Leukemia occurs due to disorders in these cells.
Each type of blood cell has its own specific function. Platelets help in blood clotting in cas of an injury. Red blood cells supports the transportation of oxygen in the body. White blood cells strengthen up our immune system.
Leukemia is basically the disfunctioning of the WBCs in the blood. Our bone marrow is responsible for the formation of blood cells. In the case of this blood disease, bone marrow starts producing more WBC than required by the body.
What happens in it?
After a certain time, eventually, these excessive WBCs starts crossing off the RBCs in blood. The excessive amount of WBCs, inturn, starts performing an opposite function. They begin lacking in their main purpose of making our immunity stronger.
As a result, with time, during leukemia our body starts suffering from inadequate oxygen transportation eventually leading to malfunctioning of the organs of body.
The early symptoms include-
- Feeling tired oftenly.
- Weight loss without any reason.
- Experiencing fevers or chills very frequently.
- Getting infected easily.
- Swollen lymph nodes.
- Enlarged liver or spleen.
- Unusual bleeding in even small injuries.
- Red spots on skin.
- Pain in the body especially in bones.
Leukemia is generally treated by special doctors specialised in treating blood disorders and cancers. The treatment procedure may differ from case to case according to the emergency and type of leukemia.
Some treatments used to fight this disease include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, immune therapy etc.