Know About Tooth Decay
In today’s world, where junk and processed food have become a routine part of everyone’s life, the problem of tooth decay also known as tooth cavities has become far more prevalent than ever before.
What is meant by tooth decay?
Human teeth are covered with a hard layer or coating known as the enamel or the tooth enamel. When a person eats excessive sugar-containing food or if any food is left stuck in the teeth even after brushing and cleaning, plaque (the mouth bacteria) starts digesting these food items. This food digestion by plaque leads to the formation of acids in our mouth. These acids gradually starts destructing our tooth enamel. This destruction of the enamel due to acid is called tooth decay. If not taken care or treated within time, this leads to formation of holes in teeth and may even destroy the whole teeth.
Symptoms of tooth decay
As tooth decays are not very painful in the beginning, it is very difficult to keep a check over it by oneself. So, you should try to visit your dentist every once in a while and get your oral checkup done. This will help you out in knowing the condition of your teeth and eventually keep them healthy. But some of the few symptoms that you might experience include blackening of the tooth enamel, hole in a tooth, tooth pain, sensitivity and white stains on teeth.
Treatments of tooth decay
In a tooth filling, a dentist removes all the decayed material from the tooth. After this, he cleans it up properly and fill it up with filling material. The filling material varies from dentist to dentist and case to case. Most commonly used fillings include gold, composite resin and amalgams.
A root canal is a dental treatment performed in case of a highly damaged and infected tooth. In some cases, tooth decay leads to infection in the nerves and tissues around the tooth. In such cases, despite of removing the whole tooth, dentists remove the affected part of it. After removing the affected part, cleansing and disinfecting of the tooth is done. Then the tooth is filled and sometimes crowns may also be applied on it to prevent it from further decay.
This procedure includes removing the damaged material, cleaning it and placing a cap or a crown over it.
Precautions that could help you against decay
Brush your teeth regularly (at least twice in a day) and thoroughly with best quality dental tooth brushes. Use dental floss and mouth washes. Try to minimize the consumption of carbohydrate- rich and sugary food such as sweets, chocolates, bread etc. Try to avoid eating snacks in between your meals. This will help you in controlling the acid formation in your mouth. Visit your dentist regularly and get your teeth cleaned up. Prefer eating food items rich in fiber and calcium. Eat sugar-less chewing gums after every meal for about 10-15 minutes. This will lead to the formation of more and more saliva in mouth and hence controlling the acid formation.