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Dissociative Identity Disorder

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Dissociative Identity Disorder is also known as Multiple Personality Disorder is thought to be a complex psychological condition. It is likely caused by factors like severe trauma during early childhood (usually extreme, repetitive physical, sexual, or emotional abuse). This disorder can reach extremes where daily life activities are affected.

What is DID?

Dissociative Identity Disorder is a severe form of dissociation. It is a mental process which produces a lack of connection in a person’s thoughts, memories, feelings, actions, or sense of identity. Most of us get dissociated from our daily tasks which are normal and can be recovered by maintaining a record.

Types of DID

There are three types of dissociative identity disorders:

  1. Depersonalization/Derealization disorder: it is detachment from oneself and a feeling that word around you is not fully real.
  2. Dissociative Amnesia: a person blocks out important personal information
  3. Dissociative Identity Disorder: a person experiences a sudden/dramatic shift in the way they perceive, think or feel

Symptoms

  • presence of two or more distinct or split identities or personality states that continually have power over the person’s behaviour
  • highly distinct memory variations, which fluctuate with the person’s split personality
  • Each of the identities has their own sex, race, age, postures and gestures
  • The person will face mood swings, depression, suicidal tendencies, auditory and visual hallucinations

Treatment

It can be cured by psychotherapy so that people can process trauma safely. The goal, in this case, is to facilitate fusion of identities, where the person’s personality states are integrated and the person feels more whole.

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