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Diabetes- Meaning, type, cause and prevention.

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Is your blood sugar high?

Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders resulting in high blood sugar or blood glucose levels for a long period of time.

Causes of diabetes.

Our blood gets glucose from the food we consume. This glucose is eventually used to provide energy to the body cells. The insulin hormone, helps in taking glucose into the cells for further utilization. Hence, its shortage leads to excessive sugar in blood.

When a person suffers from diabetes, his/her body either does not produce sufficient insulin or does not utilize it properly. As a result the presence of higher amount of glucose or sugar in your blood than it should actually be.

Symptoms of diabetes.

The symptoms of diabetes include-
Polyuria (frequent urination)
Polydipsia (experience excessive thirst)
Polyphagia (experience excessive hunger)
Feeling tired
Blurred vision
Genital itching
Increased healing time in case of a wound
Male sexual dysfunction
Kidney damage, nephropathy
Nerve damage, neuropathy
Infection or skin condition

What happens if left untreated?

If a diabetic patient doesn’t gets his treatment started at time it may as a result, lead to many health problems. The most common risk for a diabetic patient is of experiencing a cardiovascular disease. Hence, a diabetic patient should always keep a proper check on his/ her cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

A diabetic patient may also suffer from diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, damage to eyes or even death.

Types of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes.

This type is also called autoimmune diabetes. In this case, our immune system misguidedly destroys the beta cells that help in insulin production.

Type 2 Diabetes.

 

In this case, body lacks the ability to either produce sufficient insulin or the ability to use it adequately.

Gestational Diabetes.

This type of diabetes is common only during pregnancy. This is due to the hormones that block insulin. Noteworthy,  this hormone is produced during pregnacy.

Prevention techniques.

There is no actual prevention for this disease but some of the prevention techniques can certainly lower the risk of diabetes.
Weight control
Proper diet
Regular exercising
Avoid smoking

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